Travels: Luxembourg, the Gibraltar of the North (June 3, 2014)



  • City walls and fortress
  • Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial
  • Cathedrale Notre-Dame

In 963 A.D., Luxembourg was officially established with the acquisition of the Lucilinburhuc (Luxembourg Castle) by Count Siegfried of Ardennes in the treaty with St. Maximin’s Abbey of Trier. Considered the “Gibraltar of the North,” the bastions and old city walls are well-preserved and hint of a strong military power during the days of the Holy Roman Empire.


Throughout history, Luxembourg would be inhabited by the Spanish, French, Austria, and Prussia, until they were finally recognized as an independent duchy in 1868. Today, the people of Luxembourg are trilingual, speaking German, French, and Luxembourgish.

Interestingly, Luxembourgish was spoken since 1000 A.D. but education is taught in German and French, while laws are written in French.

A few phrases:

Hello      Moien/Salut
Good morning   Gudde Moien
Good afternoon Gudde Mëtteg
Good evening   Gudden Owend
Good bye            Äddi / Awar

Source: Omniglot – phrases in Luxembourgish

Presently, Luxembourg is well-known for its banking and finance systems. It is the second largest in the world after the United States.

We also visited the Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial, which is dedicated to those who served World War II and is the burial place for General George S. Patton.



Afterwards, we visited the Cathedrale Notre-Dame.





Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. (2015). Visit Luxembourg. Retrieved from

Omniglot. (2015). Luxembourgish language. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2015, July 10). Luxembourg. Retrieved from